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Category: Accessibility

Kim’s Notes June 10

“Courts across the nation are split on what it means for a website to be considered a place of public accommodation under the ADA. The Ninth Circuit, discussed above, finds that the ADA applies to websites if there is a “nexus” between the website and the company’s “physical space” open to the public. For example, in Earll v. eBay Inc., the Ninth Circuit concluded that eBay is not subject to the ADA because its services are not connected to any “actual physical place.” Courts in the Third, Sixth, and Eleventh Circuits share this view. However, courts in the First, Second, and Seventh…

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Website Accessibility Services

I included basic accessibility as part of my website usability reviews starting in 2001. That was when I was still moonlighting as an SEO, who branched off into usability and blended the two standards and methods into what I called “Holistic SEO and UX”. Today, I am certified in several areas of web site accessibility, providing WCAG and Section 508 assistance to website owners. As more companies understand the conversions value of inclusive design for usability, SEO and accessibility, they seek someone to guide them on best practices. Quick Accessibility Check for Peace of Mind I provide an affordable Website…

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Assistance Doesn’t Need to be Technical

Blind and low vision people who want help from people can reach out to Be My Eyes. “Be My Eyes is a free mobile app with one main goal: to make the world more accessible for blind and low-vision people. The app connects blind and low-vision individuals with sighted volunteers and companies from all over the world through a live video call. ” — About

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PDF Remediation

PDF remediation is not as easy as it sounds. I found a goldmine of help with the videos at PDF Accessibility

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Kim’s Notes December 16, 2019

Accessibility design begins at the start of a project. Start thinking about all the types of people using the website. 1 billion people are disabled according to the Health Org. Add people who don’t identify as disabled, add people who experience temporary or situational disabilities, age, friends and family of people with disabilities = 7.7 billion A11Y lead to audiobooks and video captions and other innovations. It is too expensive to ignore A11Y. Political and health websites ignore inclusion at their own risk.

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Kim’s Notes November 21, 2019

When using images for text that describes an action the user takes, describe that action in the alt attribute text. A logo alt can simply say the brand name. Do not stuff keywords in logo alt attributes. Avoid putting navigation links in text. They may not resize properly and become unreadable when magnified. Ads with text – put all the content in the image into the alt attribute. The title attribute can be used to provide advisory information. It does not replace the alt attribute. Iframes Screen reader users can navigate by iframes. Each iframe needs a title for screen readers. <iframe title=”YouTube…

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Kim’s Notes November 20, 2019

Blind people navigate web pages by scanning headings inside screen readers to quickly understand content and layout. For example, in JAWS, the “H” key jumps from one heading to the next, reading them in sequential order, no matter what level the heading is (h1, h2, h3, etc.). The “1” Key jumps through all of the level 1 headings (<h1>). The “2” key jumps through all of the level 2 headings (<h2>), and so on. One of the main reasons to start with <h1> at the beginning of the main content is because screen reader users may use keyboard shortcuts to navigate directly…

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Screen Readers

JAWS JAWS means Job Access with Speech. It a screen reader that is used Chrome, Firefox, and Internet Explorer. NVDA NVDA (Non-Visual Desktop Access) is a free Windows screen reader, that is portable via USB and downloadable. NVDA works best with Firefox and Chrome. Get Help VoiceOver (iOS) All mobile Apple devices come with VoiceOver installed. VoiceOver on iOS will read the operating system, web pages, and many of the Apple apps that come with the device. There is also a version for MAC computers. TalkBack (Android) Works best with Chrome. May not always be pre-installed but can…

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Podcast Accessibility

Begin by making an accessible website. This is so that persons using assistive technology can access your podcast. Provide an accessible media player for your podcast. Add a text transcript for the podcast. Not having a transcript makes the podcast inaccessible. Include more than the spoken parts, such as background noise, sound effects, and any sound that may be relevant to the spoken words. Avoid auto transcription. You need to be able to edit. Provide closed captions if the podcast includes a video or video snippet. Explore alternative ways to offer the podcast. It could be a zip file for…

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Kim’s Notes October 29, 2019

User Experience Should Be Obvious It may not always be obvious to people with disabilities if they run into problems with a website if the frustration is due to accessibility compliance errors or usability problems. If someone can’t figure out how to use the site they may assume it is inaccessible even if it is technically compliant. Take away the guess work and build a usable website. When linking off-page, always indicate to screen readers and sighted users. Links MUST be visually distinguishable from surrounding text.

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Kim’s Notes October 20, 2019

All images require an alt attribute. All form input elements must have a label. The header cells of a data table must be marked as header cells using <th> Every page needs a title. Color is not used as the only visual means to convey info. Use visual cues to focus users attention on the main purpose of the web page. Hard to measure, objective best practice. Make fonts readable. Limit the cognitive skills needed to use a web page. How to know the limit?

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Kim’s Notes October 11, 2019

Inclusive design is a web design approach that strives to enable and accommodate human diversity, including disabilities and impairments. The goal is to design to enable multiple methods to access the same functionality. Web accessibility is the end result of the inclusive design process. Usability makes web experiences easy to use and intuitive. WCAG 2.0 became an official recommendation in 2008.  Accessibility Principles Perceivable – information and UI is presented to users in ways they can perceive. Operable – UI and navigation must be operable. Understandable – information and the operation of the UI must be understandable. Robust – Content…

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The User is Out There Project

This website is a work in progress. I use it as a test site and knowledge base. That means, it is not done. I have over 20 years of web stuff stockpiled in various online databases and home computers. This website will grow as I cull and move the good stuff over here. If you need me, please email